If you are a business that has operations outside of your country’ borders you will inevitably have to deal with currency risk. Currency risk, also known as foreign exchange risk, refers to the risk of a potential loss stemming from exposure to fluctuations in currency exchange rates.
Hedging your forex positions is a common way of offsetting the risk of price fluctuations and reducing unwanted exposure to currencies from other positions.
Forex hedging is the act of strategically opening additional positions to protect against adverse movements in the foreign exchange market.
Hedging itself is the process of buying or selling financial instruments to offset or balance your current positions, and in doing so reduce the risk of your exposure. Most traders and investors will seek to find ways to limit the potential risk attached to the exposure, and hedging is just one strategy that they can use.
A trader might opt to hedge forex as a method of protecting themselves against exchange rate fluctuations. While there is no sure-fire way to remove risk entirely, the benefit of using a hedging strategy is that it can help mitigate the loss or limit it to a known amount.